Desde ECUADOR a INDONESIA
Yayasan Pusaka Nusantara Raya (YPNR)
Bukti Sejarah Kejayaan Maritim
Kebangkitan Jiwa Bahari Bangsa Indonesia
Bukti Sejarah Kejayaan Maritim
Kebesaran Kerajaan Sriwijaya, Majapahit, Samudra Pasai, Gowa Tallo, Banten, Darrusalam, Mataram, Bone, Jayakarta, Cirebon, Tuban, Gresik, Madura, Bone,Ternate, Tidore, dsb.
Area kekuasaan Nusantara jaman Majapahit sampai ke Asia Tenggara
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INDONESIA WORLD MARITIME AXIS
Awakening of National Maritime Culture and a Patriotic Vision on
The Restoration of Old Cities and Old Harbors's Local Wisdom,
As a Part of National Mental Revolution
By Martono Yuwono
We had been a maritime nation of a great maritime empire: the kingdom of Pajajaran, Sriwijaya, Majapahit, Samudra Pasai, Gowa Talau, Ternate and others in the pre-colonial era. How could this nation now change its maritime culture after more than 350 years of colonialism and independence? It was a tragedy that this nation then turned away from maritime character inherited from the ancestors as sailors. This is the black box of national problems that we rarely realize. While other nations, not rooted in maritime culture and known as continental countries, even some almost have no beach though, build as a maritime country, such as Russia, America, Thailand, China, Korea, and others.
A REVOLUTION IN THE CITY DEVELOPMENT
PATRIOTIC VISION ON RESTORING THE SOUL OF NUSANTARA CITY'S LOCAL WISDOM: A REVOLUTION IN THE CITY DEVELOPMENT
A Study on the Impact of Colonialism On Nation‘s Character and City Development
With the support of a holistic mental approcah by Krishnahari S. Pribadi, MD.
STRATEGI BUDAYA DALAM PEMBANGUNAN KOTA
STRATEGI BUDAYA DALAM PEMBANGUNAN KOTA
Visi Patriotik Restorasi Kearifan Lokal Kota di Indonesia
Refleksi Pemulihan Karakter Kota, Imbas pada Pembangunan Karakter Bangsa
Basis Visi Masa Depan Bandar Lama, Gerbang Indonesia Berdaya Saing Kompetitif di era Global
Oleh Martono Yuwono
Isu Kritis Pembangunan Kota di Indonesia
History Of the Spice Trade — The Ancient World
Poros Maritim Dunia
Jakarta: Seaport city bathed in history
Film dokumenter "REVITALISASI KOTA TUA"
Amira. The making of a live aboard in Indonesia
Amira Live Aboard Indonesia - November 2011
THE DECADES OF ACHIEVEMENTS 2010 - 2020
Revolusi Mental Nasional
TOWARDS BUILDING A STRONG NATION’S CHARACTER
THE RESTORATION OF CITIES OF COLONIAL LEGACY: TOWARDS BUILDING A STRONG NATION'S CHARACTER
An Urban Cultural Historical and Bio Psychosocial Overview
By Martono Yuwono and Krishnahari S. Pribadi, MD *)
"We shape our buildings; thereafter they shape us" --- (Sir Winston Churchill).
"The young generation does not realize how hard and difficult it was when Indonesia struggled for our independence throughout three hundred years of colonization. They have to learn thoroughly from our history and to use the experiences and leadership of the older generations, as guidance and role models. They have to understand about our national identity. When they do not know their national's identity, where would they go?"
(Ali Sadikin's statement as interviewed by Express Magazine, June 1, 1973, and several times discussions
with Martono Yuwono)
"Majapahit", a strong maritime nation in the 14th century
The history of Indonesia as a maritime nation dates back to the 14th century when this South East Asian region was subjected under the reign of the great "Majapahit" Empire. The Empire ruled a region which is geographically located between two great continents namely Asia and Australia, and at the same time between two great oceans namely the Pacific and the Indian oceans. This region consisted of mainly the archipelagic group of islands (which is now referred to as Indonesia), and some portion of the coastal region at the south eastern tip of the Asian continent. "Majapahit" was already the largest archipelagic state in the world at that time, in control of the strategic cross roads (sea lanes) between those two great continents and two great oceans. The influence of "Majapahit" reached out as far as to the Middle East and East Africa. All of these signify that "Majapahit" was then already a leading maritime nation. As the main body of the Empire, Indonesia which is an archipelago is consequently an archipelagic state. Nearly two third of this archipelago is made up of sea and the rest are numerous islands. The archipelagic country was also called "Nusantara", a term taken from an oath by Gajah Mada in 1336, the prime minister of Majapahit, a strong Javanese maritime kingdom, who then vowed to unite Nusantara. The term Nusantara was written in the old Javanese manuscripts called Pararaton and Negarakertagama. The synonym to Nusantara in Sanskrit means "island" to describe the Southeast Asian Archipelago. Hence, "Nusantara" is a synonym of "Indonesia".
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Raphael Lemkin’s History of Genocide and Colonialism
Raphael Lemkin's History of Genocide and Colonialism1
Our whole cultural heritage is a product of the contributions of all peoples. We can best understand this if we realize how impoverished our culture would be if the so-called inferior peoples doomed by Germany, such as the Jews, had not been permitted to create the Bible or to give birth to an Einstein, a Spinosa; if the Poles had not had the opportunity to give to the world a Copernicus, a Chopin, a Curie, the Czechs a Huss, and a Dvorak; the Greeks a Plato and a Socrates; the Russians, a Tolstoy and a Shostakovich.
(Raphaël Lemkin, "Genocide – A Modern Crime")2
… colonialism cannot be left without blame.
(Raphaël Lemkin, "Introduction to the Study of Genocide")
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History of The Birth of Jakarta
Jakarta : originated from a small port at the mouth of the Ciliwung River about 500 years ago. For centuries this port city later developed into a bustling center of international trade. Initial knowledge about Jakarta raised slightly through the various inscriptions found in the area of the airport.Description of the city until the arrival of the early European explorers could say very little.
European authors report the 16th century mentions a city called Kalapa, which seems to be the main airport / city center for a Hindu kingdom called Sunda, Padjadjaran its capital, located about 40 kilometers inland, close to the town of Bogor now. The Portuguese is the biggest party of the first Europeans to come to the airport Kalapa. The city was then attacked by a youth leader, named Fatahillah, from a neighboring kingdom with Kalapa. Fatahillah to rename Sunda Kalapa Jayakarta on June 22, 1527. This date is now celebrated as the birth of the city. The Dutch came in the late 16th century and then master the Jayakarta.
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History of Ships Pinisi
Boat Pinisi : traditional sailing ship is a native of Indonesia , precisely derived from Bugis from Sulawesi city of Makassar in the south of the village of Bira district precisely Bonto Bulukumba Bahari . Pinisi actually a screen name . These ships generally have two main masts and seven screens , three on the front end , two in front and two behind ; generally used for the transport of goods between islands . The two main masts by 2 Shahada and seven different pieces of the screen is the number of surah Al - Fatihah . Pinisi is a ship that uses a type of display screen schooner with two poles with seven strands of the screen and also has a meaning that the ancestors of the Indonesian nation capable mengharungi seven great oceans of the world. Pinisi timber ship has been used in Indonesia since a few centuries ago , is expected to ship phinisi existed before the 1500s . The legend says that in the 14th century , first made by Pinisi Sawerigading , Crown Royal Luwu to sail to China had wanted to woo Princess of China ( Chinna ) who named We Cuday.
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AN AMBITIOUS WORLD HERITAGE
The VOC (Verenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie) was a Dutch trading company founded by traders and burghersfrom port towns such as Amsterdam, Rotterdam, and Middelburg. It was the largest and most impressive of the early modern European trading companies operating in Asia. It formed in 1602 when the States-General of the United Provinces, the highest authority of the Republic of the Netherlands, persuaded several competing Dutch spice-trading firms to incorporate into a single trading company. It had the States-General's authority in the trade zone between South Africa and Japan to conduct trade, erect fortifications, appoint governors, keep a standing army, and conclude treaties in its name.
The Dutch East Indies Company - The First 100 Years
Dr Thomas Crump moved to Amsterdam in 1972 to take up an appointment in the University's Social Sciences Faculty, which occupies the original corporate headquarters of the VOC - the Dutch East Indies Company. His interest in the VOC goes back to 1980, when he set up a research project in Japan, where, for a period of more than 200 years, starting in the mid-17th century, the Company enjoyed a complete monolopy of foreign trade granted by the ruling shoguns. This was a extension of its successful exploitation of the wealth of the East Indies during the 16th and 17th centuries.
(A series of two lectures.)
Majapahit Kingdom factual. Indonesia history
The Majapahit Kingdom (1293-1520) was perhaps the greatest of the early Indonesian kingdoms. It was founded in 1294 in East Java by Wijaya, who defeated the invading Mongols. Under the ruler Hayam Wuruk (1350-89) and the military leader Gajah Mada, it expanded across Java and gained control over much of present-day Indonesia—large parts of Java, Sumatra, Sulawesi, Borneo, Lombok, Malaku, Sumbawa, Timor and other scattered islands—as well as the Malay peninsula through military might. Places of commericial value such as ports were targeted and the wealth gained from trade enriched the empire. The name Majapahit stems from the two words maja, meaning a type of fruit, and pahit, which is the Indonesian word for 'bitter'.
An Indianized kingdom, Majapahit was the last of the major Hindu empires of the Malay archipelago and is considered one of the greatest states in Indonesian history. Its influence extended over much of modern-day Indonesia and Malaysia though the extent of its influence is the subject of debate. Based in eastern Java from 1293 to around 1500, its greatest ruler was Hayam Wuruk, whose reign from 1350 to 1389 marked the empire's peak when it dominated kingdoms in Maritime Southeast Asia (present day Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines). [Source: Wikipedia]
The Majapahit Kingdom Empire was centered at Trowulan near the present-day city Surubaya in East Java. Some look upon Majapahit period as a Golden Age of Indonesian history. Local wealth came from extensive wet rice cultivation and international wealth came from the spice trade. Trading relations were established with Cambodia, Siam, Burma and Vietnam. The The Majapahits had a somewhat stormy relationship with China which was under Mongol rule.
Hinduism fused with Buddhism were the primary religions. Islam was tolerated and there is evidence that Muslims worked within the court. Javanese kings rules in accordance with wahyu, the belief that some people had a divine mandate to rule. People believed if a king misruled the people had to go down with him. After Hayam Wuruk's death the Majapahit Kingdom began to decline. It collapsed in 1478 when Trowulan was sacked by Denmark and the Majapahit rulers fled to Bali (See Bali), opening the way to Muslim conquest of Java.
Majapahit flourished at the end of what is known as Indonesia's "classical age". This was a period in which the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism were predominant cultural influences. Beginning with the first appearance of Indianised kingdoms in the Malay Archipelago in the A.D. 5th century, this classical age was to last for more than a millennium, until the final collapse of Majapahit in the late 15th century and the establishing of Java's first Islamic sultanate at Demak. [Source: ancientworlds.net]